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What Are The Different Types Of Nail Fungus?

There are four major types of fungal nail infection. They are named for the area where the fungal infection starts. Dermatophytes cause almost all fungal nail infections.

Fungal Infection in toe nail is very common; it can be treat with medications now. You can purchase it from Kerassential.com.

Distal Subungual Onychomycosis (DSO) is the most common type of fungal nail infection. It is caused by the same fungi that cause most cases of athlete’s foot (dermatophytes).

DSO infects the skin under the end of the nail (nail bed) and in the nail. The infection starts at the end of the nail bed, and part of the nail often turns yellow or white. Pieces of skin and nail fragments (debris) build up under the nail.

As the condition gets worse, the nail may crumble and split and it may separate from the skin. A thickened nail and a large amount of debris under the nail may cause discomfort when wearing shoes.

DSO can be a lifelong infection and hard to treat. Shoes that fit poorly may make the infection worse or, in some cases, even cause the infection.

White Superficial Onychomycosis (WSO), the second most common type of fungal nail infection. It can be easily treated.

WSO affects the top layer of the nail, first forming white spots on the nail surface. Eventually the entire surface of the nail becomes covered with a crumbly, chalky powder.

The nail does not thicken and does not separate from the skin.

Candida Onychomycosis, or yeast infection of the nail, is uncommon but can affect the nail and the skin bordering the nail (nail folds).

This type of fungal infection is more common in fingernails than toenails. It may involve all of the nails at the same time and can cause the nail to separate from the nail bed.

It invades weakened areas of the nail, which may become discolored white, green, or brownish, with an odd shape.

The nail may look thicker than normal, and there may be signs of infection (reddened, swollen, tender, or warm) in the skin next to the nail (nail fold).

Unlike the other types of fungal nail infections, the infection may be painful.

Proximal Subungual Onychomycosis (PSO) is caused by dermatophytes. It is more common in people infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

PSO infects the base of the nail (skin at the nail fold), often thickening the skin, which can separate from the nail.

The base of the nail may appear white, and the nail opaque. The skin on top of the foot may become infected.

How Is Nail Fungus Prevented?

The following habits can help prevent nail fungus or re-infection and athlete’s foot, which can lead to nail fungus:

  • Wash your hands and feet regularly. Wash your hands after touching an infected nail. Moisturize after washing your nails.
  • Trim the nails straight, smooth the edges with a file and file the rough areas. Disinfect your nail clippers after each use.
  • Wear sweat-wicking socks or change your socks throughout the day.
  • Choose shoes made of breathable materials.
  • Discard old shoes or treat them with a disinfectant or antifungal powder.
  • Wear footwear in the pool area and locker room.
  • Choose a nail salon that uses sterilized manicure tools for each client.
  • Skip nail polish and artificial nails.

How Is Nail Fungus Diagnosed?

To diagnose the problem of fungal infection in the nails, the doctor usually examines the infected nail, asks the patient about its symptoms and examines the nail residue which is removed by scratching from the bottom of the nail.

This nail residue is also sent for tests such as a potassium hydroxide smear test or a fungal culture test. The potassium hydroxide or KOH smear test is quick, while the fungal culture takes weeks. kerassentials nail fungus treatment, is best way to get rid from it.

Physician needs to be very careful while diagnosing fungal infection as there are many diseases that show similar symptoms like- Psoriasis, Lichen Planus, Contact Dermatitis, Trauma, Nail Bed Tumor, Eczema, Yellow Nail Syndrome e.t.c.

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